13 surprising and interesting facts about the Amazon rainforest (2023)

The Amazon rainforest is vital to the existence of the earth. And since there are so many interesting facts about the Amazon rainforest, this diverse and extraordinary area of ​​the world, it's no wonder people want to protect it.

In fact, the entire global water cycle depends on this strangely beautiful place... almost like another planet!

If you've ever wondered what makes the world's rainforests so amazing, you're not alone.

The following 13 fun facts about the Amazon rainforest are surprising, but they are just a drop in the bucket compared to the tremendous and incredible benefits we all derive from this distinctive part of the planet.

Tropical rainforests thrive near the equator, which might not surprise you. Solar radiation at the equator causes massive amounts ofevaporation, which cools and falls back to earth as rain.

However, heat and rain are the main factors that distinguish tropical rainforests from other forests.

The planet's rainforests rain more than 90 days a year with most seeing between 8 and 14 feet of rain a year, and the Amazon rainforest climate is no different.

Between periods of rain, the warm sun encourages explosive plant growth, resulting in unrivaled results.biodiversityIt is only found in tropical rainforests.

Impressive details to understand the background of the tropical jungle

  • Tropical rainforests are home to half of all animal and plant species on the planet
  • Two-thirds of all flowering plants are found in the rainforest
  • A single hectare of tropical rainforest could contain 42,000 species of insects, up to 807 trees of hundreds of different species, and 1,500 species of plants.

Given their indisputable biodiversity and the tremendous ecological services they provide, it's easy to see why tropical rainforests have been dubbed "the jewels of the earth."

To understand just how amazing the rainforest really is, there is no better place than the largest rainforest in the world - the Amazon.

The size of the Amazon rainforest is enormous...a vast tropical rainforest that stretches across the Amazon basin of South America.

Don't be fooled by the size of the world's largest rainforest into thinking there's plenty to spare. Threatened areas have a huge impact on the global climate, and even the loss of one hectare can have a negative impact.

What is the forest floor?

Like all forests, tropical rainforests are often divided into layers, each containing a variety of plant and animal species particularly suited to life there.

There are four layers:

  • Emergent: The part that sees full sun, with the tallest trees.
  • Canopy – This layer is full of leaves and branches (and where you would see Tarzan swinging).
  • Understory: Understory consists of tree trunks and plants with very large leaves that can capture the dappled light that filters through the upper layers.
  • Soil: This part is very dark, with almost no plant life.
13 surprising and interesting facts about the Amazon rainforest (1)

However, those with a rainforest conscience know that the forest floor contains more biodiversity than all of the upper layers combined.

The Amazon jungle is thelargerrain forest on earth,encompassing6.9 million acres in the vast Amazon Basin.

That's about the size of the continental United States, but it's home to the greatest diversity of plant and animal species on earth.

Look at this map of the Amazon rainforest:

Unfortunately, the area covered by tropical rainforests is constantly decreasing. Deforestation has played a large role in removing these treasures.

What part of the world is covered by tropical rainforest?

Rainforests used to cover 14 percent of the earth's surface. In just a few decades, they have been cleared, burned and degraded to the point where they cover only six percent of the planet, less than half of their original range.

Rainforests are home to some of the most beautiful and unique trees in the world...and there are a lot of them!

What types of trees can you see in the Amazon?

The plants of the Amazon jungle are numerous and varied. Some 16,000 species of treesgrowin the Amazon, making it a vast mosaic of 390 billion individual trees.

Some of the more common trees that grace the canopy are:

the rubber tree

This is one of the most common trees in the Amazon. Its milky juice is used to make rubber products.


This massive 160 foot tree dominates the treetops. Its huge 5-pound fruits contain up to two dozen nuts and provide a rich source of protein for humans and a species of rodent with teeth sharp enough to pierce the hard shell of the fruit.


This medium-sized tree is related to the cocoa and coffee trees. It produces large, fluffy fruits whose sweet-sour pulp is used to make desserts and sweets.

Tacuma-Palm Trees

This palm tree is protected by ominous spines that surround its trunk. Indigenous peoples make flowers from its fruit, which has been shown to contain large amountsantioxidants.

This bewildering array of creepy crawlies is hard to imagine, but as numerous as the Amazon insect species are, each species plays an important role in balancing the delicate ecosystem.

Some types of insects that live in the rainforest are:

the rhinoceros beetle

This beetle is famous for its imposing, forward-facing horn. The rhinoceros beetle possesses strength disproportionate to its size: it can carry 850 times its weight, which is equivalent to a human carrying nine adult elephants.

leafcutter ant

These industrious ants swarm in countless billions. They don't actually eat the leaves they harvest, but bury them deep underground to grow fungi, which the ants meticulously cultivate to feed their colonies.


More than 1,300 species of Riodinidae butterflies live in the Amazon and Andean regions. They range from translucentAmazonas Engelto the vivid splashes of the rainbowHarmonia-Mantel.

Interestingly, of these 40,000 different plant species, around 75 percent are found nowhere else in the world!

The plants in the Amazon jungle are amazing

The Amazon plant community includes such iconic specimens as:

  • palm varieties
  • orchids
  • bromeliads
  • epiphytes (air plants)
  • do something
  • lilies
  • And many, many trees.

Types of Animals That Live in the Rainforest

Although we know many animals in the rainforest, new species of animals are regularly discovered in the rainforest.

Take a look at the following facts about animals in the Amazon jungle

There are tons of cool animals that call the rainforest home... one fifth of the world's bird species call this unique place home, and one tenth of all mammals!

Animals of the Amazon include:

  • More than430mammal species
  • 428Amphibian species (including poison dart frog)
  • 378reptile species

SomeThese species are found nowhere else in the world, increasing the urgency to protect their fragile habitats before they are lost forever.

Facts about sloths in the Amazon jungle

Hethree-toed slothincludes four species, two of which are endemic to the Amazon. The more widespread brown-throated sloth ranges throughout the Amazon rainforest and beyond.

For valid and unfounded reasons, sloths have been called the laziest members of the animal kingdom (they aresleepabout ten hours a day).

They spend most of their lives hanging from branches.

Facts about Macaws in the Amazon

The livingWe buyIt is the largest member of the parrot family. They are social birds, normally traveling in pairs of parents with a handful of young. But in groups they can gather by the thousands. Ripe fruits and seeds are no match for their stout beaks, which can crack even the toughest nuts.

These intelligent birds can live up to 80 years in captivity. Their intelligence, beauty, and longevity make them desirable pets. the illegal petactof macaws is one of the greatest threats to the future of this beautiful bird.

But domestication is not the only threat facing this amazing bird.

Reforestation of devastated areas can help these beautiful creatures to recover their numbers in their natural habitat.

What species of animals in the Congo rainforest are in danger of extinction?

The Amazon is not the only rainforest with endangered species like the macaw. The Congolese rainforest is home to some of the world's largest and most well-known endangered species, including forest elephants, chimpanzees, bononbos, and gorillas.

Bushmeat trade,deforestation, and theivory tradeThey are the main culprits for the disappearance of these amazing animals from the tropical jungle.

Are Amazonian animals deadly?

Without a doubt, fear of rainforest animals plays a role in the destruction of these areas, and Amazonian species are no exception.

Five particular species that live in rivers inspire fear in many who see them:

the green anaconda

Standing up to 30 feet tall and weighing up to 550 pounds, the anaconda is the largest in the world.fiestaLine. Although the anaconda feeds on animals larger and stronger than humans, there are noConfirmed casesthe huge snake devouring a human.

The Candirú fish.

This tiny 3-5 cm fish is the stuff of nightmares. According to legend, it is attracted by the smell of urine, follows its trail up the urethra and buries itself in the genitals, where it begins to feed inside out and lay eggs. However, this legend was taken into accountmyths, with no verified reports of fish appetite for human genitalia.

HeSchwarzer Kaiman

This huge reptile can measure 15 feet from tail to chin. It is a ferocious predator capable of catching and drowning large mammals. However, black alligators are highly unlikely to attack a human.unfounded.


These large saltwater sharks often travel far into freshwater, including the Amazon. Intrepid explorers and hunters, they are perhaps the only aquatic animal in the Amazon worth fearing: there are 69 confirmed unprovokedattacksin humans by bull sharks and probably more.


These legendary fish are perhaps the most notorious animals in the Amazon. The legend that surrounds them is not entirely unfounded: a newlearnin Brazil found that a significant number of people were bitten by piranhas within the study period.

However, the study found that piranha aggression was correlated with shallow water and threatened breeding areas, suggesting that these fish only become violent in stressed and crowded areas.

There are nonedocumentedPiranha fatalities and confirmed attacks are relatively rare and inconsequential.

Occasionally human bodies wash ashore ravaged by piranhas, but the piranha bites were likely inflicted after death, not the cause.

More fun facts about Brazil and its rainforest

human settlementin Brazil it is said to have started 32,000 years ago

There are more than 3,000 edible fruits thatgrowi am amazon

In 2007,Martin Strelswam the length of the entire Amazon (with only a few piranha bites, no bull shark attacks, and no unsolicited candiru soundings).

The Amazon rainforest canopy is so dense that the entire forest floor is covered in perpetual shade. When the rain falls, it lasts untilten minutesto hit the ground.

More fun facts about Venezuela and its rainforest

VenezuelaIt is one of the ten most biodiverse countries on earth and its rainforest areas include:

  • More than 21,000 species of plants
  • 353 mammals
  • 323 species of reptiles
  • 1,400 birds
  • 288 amphibians

Why Rainforests Matter to Western Medicine and the Planet: An Explanation

With the current global pandemic, it seems more important than ever to protect rainforests to ensure that medical discoveries are not lost forever. but there is more

Tropical rainforests are often referred to as "the largest pharmacy in the world.” Its impressive biodiversity produces more than a quarter of the world's natural medicines. And more are being discovered every day: there are an estimated millions of plant and animal species left to be discovered, each with its own role in the rainforest and the larger global ecosystem.

protection of endangered species

Man-made destruction of the rainforest is the single most important factor affecting the endangered species that live there.

Preserving the rainforest is key to protecting theendangered specieswho live there like

  • Gorilla
  • poison dart frog
  • Golden lion tamarin monkey
  • look for
  • bengali tiger
  • chimpanzee
  • orangutan
  • harpy
  • Jaguar
  • Leopard
  • three-toed sloth
  • Pray
  • We buy

Rainforests are critical to cleaning Earth's air

Although tropical rainforests cover only about six percent of the land area, tropical rainforests surpass their weight class in providing ecological services. That is why a fire in the Amazon jungle is so devastating for the planet.

trees are essentialToolmitigate or even reverse the effects of climate change. Trees are considered to be the best terrestrial carbon sinks and understanding their role in carbon capture and storage is a crucial part of Earth's carbon mitigation portfolio.

Mitigating Climate Change the Rainforest Style

Tropical forests absorb and storemore carbonthan any other biome on the planet, nearly 247 gigatons per year across all tropical forests combined, which is equivalent to about 90 years of global fossil fuel emissions at current levels absorbed each year. You can determine how much carbon you generate each year using aEcological footprint calculator.

But this vast pool of carbon is being released by the burning, clearing and degradation of tropical forests, and now the planet's tropical forests could be released soon.issuemore carbon than they absorb.

Rainforests are an essential part of the global ecosystem. Without them, the Earth will lose an unfathomable biological wealth, an invaluable production of oxygen and a fundamental tool in the fight against climate change, sotree planting compensationPrograms can help rebuild them.

Protecting the future of rainforests

If lost, a world without rainforests will mark the end of the world as it is now known. Taken together, these reasons should make the survival of the rainforest a priority for governments, businesses, organizations and citizens around the world.

To be part of the solution in restoring the Amazon rainforest, check out theThe best CO2 offset providers.


What is the most interesting fact about the rainforest? ›

The Amazon rainforest alone includes at least 10% of the Earth's total biodiversity, including around 40,000 plant species, nearly 1,300 birds, 3,000 types of fish, more than 400 species of mammals, and a staggering 2.5 million different insects.

What are the amazing facts? ›

Interesting Unknown facts that you need to know
  • Hot water will turn into ice faster than cold water. ...
  • The Mona Lisa has no eyebrows. ...
  • The strongest muscle in the body is the tongue. ...
  • Ants take rest for around 8 Minutes in 12-hour period. ...
  • "I Am" is the shortest complete sentence in the English language.

What's special about the Amazon rainforest? ›

Not only does the Amazon encompass the single largest remaining tropical rainforest in the world, it also houses at least 10% of the world's known biodiversity, including endemic and endangered flora and fauna, and its river accounts for 15-16% of the world's total river discharge into the oceans.

What are 5 facts about the Amazon rainforest for kids? ›

15 Amazing Amazon Rainforest Facts for Children
  • The Amazon is the world's largest tropical rainforest. ...
  • The rainforest spans over 9 different countries. ...
  • The Amazon has an incredibly rich ecosystem. ...
  • The Amazon River is the largest river in the world. ...
  • The Amazon Rainforest is considered the 'Lungs of the Earth'.
Mar 17, 2022

What is a mind blowing fact about the Amazon rainforest? ›

An estimated 30% of the world's species live in the Amazon, with a new species being discovered on average every 3 days. It is home to 3,000 fish species, 2.5 million insect classifications, and a fifth of all known bird species. Just a single bush may contain more species of ant than the British Isles.

What are 2 interesting facts about the Amazon river? ›

The Amazon River is by far the world's largest river by volume, carrying more than five times the volume of the Congo or twelve times that of the Mississippi. It drains an area nearly the size of the forty-eight contiguous United States and has over 1,100 tributaries, 17 of which are longer than 1000 miles.

How old is the Amazon rainforest? ›

The Amazon is 10 million years old. Home to 390 billion trees, the vast river basin reigns over South America and is an unrivaled nest of biodiversity.

How many trees are in Amazon? ›

The Amazon represents over half of the planet's remaining rainforests, and comprises the largest and most biodiverse tract of tropical rainforest in the world, with an estimated 390 billion individual trees in about 16,000 species.

What are the 5 importance of a rainforest? ›

Rainforests are often called the lungs of the planet for their role in absorbing carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, and increasing local humidity. Rainforests also stabilize climate, house incredible amounts of plants and wildlife, and produce nourishing rainfall all around the planet.


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